IBM 3162 Terminal
3162 IBM ASCII Display Station
The IBM 3162 is stand-alone, high quality, 14-inch, monochrome display station used for displaying up to 3,696 characters, and for entering data into and retrieving data from a host processor. The 3162 provides an asynchronous communication interface using a 7-bit (or 8-bit) ASCII/ISO code and an interface for direct attachment of an input or output device with EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) interface. A cable-connected keyboard is provided for operator data input. The 3162 uses the ASCII (ISO) communication protocols and provides a native mode, 3101 mode and various non-IBM emulation modes which allow the 3162 to attach to a variety of host processors including the Series/1 and non-IBM mini-computers. The 3162 meets both general industry and unique customer information requirements. All models provide English (US).
Model Abstract 3162-110
The IBM 3162 Model 110 provides EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) interface, standard keyboard, green monitor.
Model Abstract 3162-120
The IBM 3162 Model 120 provides program-selectable interface of either EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) or EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11), standard keyboard, green monitor.
Model Abstract 3162-210
The IBM 3162 Model 210 provides EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface, standard keyboard, amber-gold monitor.
Model Abstract 3162-220
The IBM 3162 Model 220 provides program-selectable interface of either EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) or EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11), standard keyboard, amber-gold monitor.
Model Abstract 3162-310
The IBM 3162 310 has a short keyboard and green monitor, provides EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28).
Model Abstract 3162-320
The IBM 3162 Model 320 has a short keyboard and green monitor, provides program-selectable interface of either EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) or EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11).
Model Abstract 3162-410
The IBM 3162 Model 410 has a short keyboard and amber monitor, provides EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface.
Model Abstract 3162-420
The IBM 3162 Model 420 has a short keyboard and amber monitor, provides program-selectable interface of either EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) or EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11).
- Displays up to 1,920 characters (80 x 24), 2,240 characters (80 x 28), 3,168 characters (132 x 24), and 3,696 characters (132 x 28).
- Character transmission mode provides the capability to transmit a character over a communication line upon depression of each key.
- Block transmission mode, selectable at setup time, allows buffered transmission mode of data.
- Consists of the three Workstation Elements (Video, Logic, and Keyboard) and Cartridge.
The 3162 displays up to 1,920 characters (80 x 24), 2,240 characters (80 x 28), 3,168 characters (132 x 24), and 3,696 characters (132 x 28). An alphameric character is represented in an 9 x 15 contiguous box matrix in 24 lines display mode and an 9 x 13 contiguous box matrix in 28 lines display mode. The data displayed uses the 128 characters of ASCII/ISO codes and an additional character set containing 24 line drawing graphics, 10 script characters and 10 subscript characters. A line drawing character is represented in a maximum 9x13/9x15 dot matrix to create a contiguous line. The character transmission mode provides the capability to transmit a character over a communication line upon depression of each key. The block transmission mode, selectable at setup time, allows buffered transmission mode of data. The 3162 consists of the three Workstation Elements (Video, Logic, and Keyboard) and Cartridge.
Upon request from the customer, the 3162 special models with a 90-day warranty are provided. The special model numbers correspond to the standard 3-year warranty models as follows:
3-Year Warranty Corresponding 90-day
Model Warranty Model
Also, See Technical Description
Model Summary Matrix
Model Interface Keyboard Monitor
----- --------- -------- -------
110 CCITT V.24/V.28 Standard Green
120 CCITT V.24/V.28 or
CCITT V.11 Standard Green
210 CCITT V.24/28 Standard Amber
220 CCITT V.24/28 or
CCITT V.11 Standard Amber
310 CCITT V.24/28 Short Green
320 CCITT V.24/28 or
CCITT V.11 Short Green
410 CCITT V.24/28 Short Amber
420 CCITT V.24/28 or
CCITT V.11 Short Amber
Note:Models 11Y/12Y/21Y/22Y provide English (US).
Note:Models 11D/12D/21D/22D provide Canadian French.
Note:(Japan only) Models 11K/12K/21K/22K provide Katakana.
(Japan only) keyboard and a cartridge unique
to language are provided to each of models 11D/K, 12D/K, 21D/K, 22D/K.
Customer Setup (CSU)
The 3162 is designated as a customer setup machine. Setup instructions are shipped with each machine, as the "IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station Setup Instructions."
The use of ASCII (ISO) codes and the asynchronous communication interface allows the 3162 to attach to a variety of host processors. Various communication options are selectable by the customer on the setup menu such as line speed (50, 75, 110, 134.5, 150, 200, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600 and 19,200 bps), parity (none, odd, even, mark, space), interface (EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28), EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11)), word length (7, 8-bit), operation mode (echo, character, block mode), turnaround character (ETX, EOT, CR, DC3), line control (CRTS, PRTS, IPRTS), stop bit (1, 2), response delay (0, 100ms) and break signal (170, 500ms).
The 3162 has an etched screen, which minimizes glare and fingerprints. Indicators are displayed on the bottom (25th or 29th row) of the screen, and provide useful operator information. An audible alarm is provided to alert the operator and its volume is adjustable by the operator. The video element can be tilted and swiveled by the pedestal to set the screen angle for the operator. The cable-connected keyboard can be moved and its slope is selectable.
Input Editing Capability
Cursor move (up, down, right, left, and home), tab (forward, backward, set and clear), erase (end of line, end of page and entire page), clear (entire page and entire buffer), insert (character and line) and delete (character and line) are provided. Tab erase, insert and delete may be manipulated by field attribute. All characters can be rendered by character or field attributes. A 12-key numeric keypad and 12 Function (F) keys are provided on the keyboard.
The 3162 native mode which is a superset of the 3161, provides a migration path for 3161 users without any software modifications.
The 3101 model 23 emulation provides enhanced 3101 functions and a migration path for 3101 users without any software modifications.
Major characteristics of the 3162 are:
- Green or amber phosphor CRT
- Split screen capability (3 horizontal viewports)
- 80/132 character column display
- 24/28 lines display
- CRT saver with programmable timer
- Smooth scroll
- Block or underlined cursor with blinking option
- Character attributes (for blink, non-display, underline, reverse, high intensity) or field attributes for normal, blink, non-display, underline, reverse, high intensity, protected, numeric and modified data tag
- Function keys re-definable from the terminal, as well as from the host (12 keys with two shifts each)
- Customer replaceable keytops
Machine mode of 3101 model 881 or (US and Canada only) model 23 is provided to emulate the model. VT200/100/52 mode provided as an optional feature (#8222, cartridge), allows the emulation of VT220, VT100, and VT52. 10 ASCII cartridge (#8922) allows the emulation of 10 ASCII (TVI 925/925E/910/910+/912/920, HZ1500, ADDS VPA2, ADM 3A/5). WYSE 50/50+ cartridge (#8502) allows the emulation of TVI 925E/925/910/910+/912/920, HZ1500, ADDS VPA2, ADM 3A/5 and WYSE 50/50+.VT220 with Hot-Key/3708 Cartridge (#8232) allows the same VT220/100/52 emulation as the VT220 cartridge (#8222). In addition, it allows the following functions:
- Hot-Key between VT220/100/52 mode and the 3162 native mode
- Enhancements for the attachment to 3708/3710 protocol converters
The customer is responsible to prepare cables. Many IBM systems provide their own unique cables for 3162 attachment and those systems should be referenced for detail information. A modem cable is provided as an IBM accessory for use in attaching to certain devices (specifically modems) and an I/O cable are provided as an IBM accessory for attaching the 4201/4202 Proprinter.
An auxiliary interface is provided for attachment of an input or output device with EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28). The 4201/4202 Proprinter may be attached at the Auxiliary Port.
The 3162 communicates with a variety of host processors. When using the EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) interface, the 3162 can communicate through a modem, to a remote host processor at 50 - 2400 bps (1800 bps in half-duplex mode), or it can directly (without a modem) attach to a host processor within 12.2m (40.0 ft) at 50 - 19,200 bps.
Note:For direct connect to the 8100 system, the 3.0m (10.0 ft) Modem Cable must be used and the length of the 8100 direct connect cable cannot exceed 9.1m (30.0 ft), thus the total maximum cable length from the 8100 system to the 3162 must be 12.2m (40.0 ft).
When using the EIA RS-422-A (CCITT V.11) interface, the 3162 can communicate with a host processor, without a modem, up to 1,219m (4,000 ft) at 50 - 19,200 bps depending on the type of cable used. A shielded communication cable is recommended. Multi-function attachment cable is used to attach a 3162 models 12/22/32/42 to the host via IBM Cabling System. The 3162 may be attached to a 4361 processor via the 4361 feature EIA/CCITT Interface (#3701) with the 4361 feature Line Attachment Base for Non-Clocked Modems (#4696) and Start/Stop Line Control (#968X) and operates at speeds up to 2400 bps in 3101 mode and 3162 native mode. The attachment must be via the EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) interface, via asynchronous modem with switched or non-switched telephone line, or via direct attachment at a distance up to 12m (40 ft).
Communicating through Modem
When using an external modem through EIA RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/V.28) interface, the 3162 operates in point-to-point
on half-duplex or full-duplex facility at transmission speeds of up to 300, 600, 1200/600 and at 1800 bps (half duplex only) on non-switched facilities. M1M, M2M.
rates on switched facilities at transmission speeds of 50, 75, 110, 134.5, 150, 200, 300, 600 and 1200/600 bps in full-duplex and half-duplex modes, and at 1800 bps in half-duplex mode and at 2400 bps in full-duplex mode. For attachment to the facility P1 or P2, character mode or echo mode will be used. For communication capabilities, product utilization and special features, see 2700 pages. The 3162 provides XON/XOFF Control. The 3162 may be attached to packet switched networks through the PAD complying with the CCITT recommendation X.28 via DCEs with CCITT X.20 bis interface.
A modem cable is required for the attachment to a modem. 5811-20/28, 5812-10/18 at speeds up to 19,200 bps on facilities GASYN, 5841 and PTT mandatory modems complying with CCITT Recommendations (1979), V.24, V.28, ISO Standard 2110 and either CCITT Recommendations V.21, V.22 or V.23 may be attached. Other non-IBM modems may be attached subject to the Multiple Supplier Systems Bulletin.
Series/1, System/88 and Non-IBM Mini Computers attach the 3162 with RS-422-A (CCITT V.11) interface (model 12 only), or RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface both in 50 to 19.2K bps line speed, and via a modem with RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface in 50 to 2400 bps line speed. IBM S/370 Processors attach the 3162, via 270X, 370X, or 3725/6 with RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface in 50 to 1200 bps line speed, via 370X-8100 or 3725/6-8100 with RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface in 50 to 2400 bps (with modem) or 50 to 9600 bps (without modem) line speed, and via a protocol converter with RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface in 50 to 19.2K bps line speed. The S/36, S/38, and AS/400 attach to the 3162 with EIA-232 (CCITT V.24/28) interface or EIA-422-A (CCITT V.11) interface. The S/36, S/38, and AS/400 attachment via the 5208 ASCII-5250 Link Protocol Converter or ROLMbridge 5250 Link Protocol Converter provides up to a 19.2K bps line speed. The AS/400 ASCII Workstation Controller also provides the 3162 up to a 19.K bps line speed. For connection of the 3162 to 8100, a connection cable of 9.1m (30 ft) or less and a modem cable of 3m (10 ft) must be used. As an alternative to a modem attachment, the 3162 may be directly connected to a ROLM CBX at speeds up to 19.2K bps through one of the following devices with RS-232-C (CCITT V.24/28) interface: ROLMphone Datacom Module (DCM), Data Terminal Interface (DTI), rack-mounted version of the DCM or DTI. The 3162 can be attached to the 6150/6151 via the 4-Port Asynchronous 232-C Adapter or 4-Port Asynchronous 422-A Adapter, and operate in native mode.
The 3162 keyboard, detachable from the Logic WSE, has coiled cable, low profile with tactile feedback and 102 (Canada only or 103) (Japan only or 104) keys including 12 Function keys shiftable to 24, 3 Program Attention keys, and a numeric keypad with a line drawing capability, and keycaps are replaceable.
The 3162 has an auxiliary port that can connect an ASCII printer over an RS-232-C direct connection. A print key allows local printing of the screen, while the software commands allow remote printing from a host. For example, the 4201 Proprinter may attach via its serial interface to the 3162 for direct printing of text-oriented screens (or graphics and text via host programming).
IBM 3101 Compatibility and Migration
The 3162, when operating in 3101 emulation mode, will accept and generate the 3101 model 881 in US and Canada only, data streams. There are two methods of placing the 3162 into the 3101 emulation mode. The operator may select the 3101 mode during menu setup, or a suitably programmed host may send a "3101 mode" command to 3162. There are some operational differences in terms of the screen management facilities. The 3161/3163 ASCII Display Station Description documents these differences.
A special non-displayed input mode provides for fields of data to be program-defined so that they will accept data entered from the keyboard without displaying the data on the screen.
The customer is responsible for:
- Adequate site, system, cables and other vendor preparation.
- Receipt at customer's receiving dock, unpacking and placement of unit.
- Physical setup, connection of cables in customer access area, program setting of setup options.
- Determination of the required number of spares.
- Performing Problem Analysis and Resolution using "IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station Operator Reference and Problem Solving Guide."
- Call an IBM Service/Exchange Communication Center (S/ECC) on a toll-free number for service.
It is recommended that the customer replace a failing element with a spare element and that the customer be advised to purchase sufficient spare 3162 units for such use. The number of spare units is dependent upon the number of 3162 units the customer has installed, the application requirements, physical locations and layout. Determination of the required number of spares is a customer responsibility. However, the minimum number of spare units recommended where one unit consists of a keyboard, a logic, and a video is shown in the following table:
Recommended Minimum Number of Spare 3162s:
Number Recommended Minimum
Installed Spare Machines
1 - 50 1
51 - 100 2
101 - 300 3
301 - 500 5
501 - 700 6
701 - 1000 7
The customer should be advised to verify units for correct operation before putting them on the shelf. Spares may be ordered as a complete machine or as an individual workstation element where spare elements do not have VPA discount. See "Accessories" for ordering individual elements.
Customer Problem Analysis and Resolution (CPAR)
Functions have been designed into the 3162 to enhance the availability to the customer. This has been done through the use of Problem Analysis and Solving routines and procedures that are used by the customer.
(Except Japan) Customer Responsibility for Damaged or Altered Elements
Determination by IBM that damage to replaced units is due to causes or conditions not covered under the terms and conditions of the Purchase or Maintenance Agreement and repair of that damage or replacement of missing, altered or non-IBM parts will be charged at IBM's then current hourly service rates and minima. Altered elements will not be eligible for the exchange or replacement services.
Customer Engineer On-Site Assistance
If the customer desires assistance in performing CPAR, the customer calls the Service/Exchange Communication Center (S/ECC). IBM will assist the customer on-site in performing CPAR procedures using the same documentation that is available to the customer. All on-site assistance is available on an hourly service basis at the applicable hourly rates and terms.
Customer-owned spare elements may be installed to replace defective elements by IBM upon customer request. Shipping of defective elements to the Repair Center or Service/Exchange Center is a customer responsibility. On-site assistance is available on an hourly service basis at the applicable hourly rates and terms.
The 3162 is supported both in 3162 Native Mode and in 3101 Mode by Series/1, 3708, 3710, 7171 and other hosts that support the CPT-TWX 33/35 ASCII protocols. The 3162 is supported in native mode by the 5208 and AS/400 ASCII Workstation Controller. The 3162 is also supported in 3101 mode by System/88, 8100, and the other IBM hosts that support the 3101 model 881 or (in US and Canada only) 23. The 3162 support is provided by the current version of the following licensed programs:
Licensed Native 3101
System Program (80)(132)Mode
Series/1 RPS, EDX,
CM, CF - - X
TPS X X X
I0X* X - X
* Series/1 5170 System Unit only.
System/88: OS, 3270
TP, HLL X - X
8100: DPCX, DPPX - - X
VM/SP and VM/SP
*7171 X X X
*3708,3710 X - X
8100 - - X
*3174 X - X
via 5208: X X -
Controller: X X -
In non-emulation mode, the 3162 generates an ANSI X3.4 data stream.
- IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station User's Guide (*1)
- IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station Programmer's Guide (GA18-2495)
- IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station Problem Solving Guide (*2)
- IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station Repair Center Maintenance Information (SY18-2163)
- Using the IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station to Emulate the DEC VT220 (*3)
- Using the IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station to Emulate Ten ASCII Terminals, (GA18-2554)
- Using the IBM 3162 ASCII Display Station to Emulate WYSE 50/50+, (GA18-2593)
- Using the IBM ASCII Display Station to Emulate DEC VT220 with Hot Key/3708 (GA18-2621)
*1 = GA18-2493
*2 = GA18-2494
*3 = GA18-2496
Features -- Specify/Special/Exchange
No Charge Specify Codes
Specify feature codes, when ordered for field installation via MES, are billable to the customer unless ordered with a model change and/or a chargeable feature. (Color and voltage changes are always billable.) If the price is not in the price file, an RPQ should be submitted.
- Power: 120V AC, 1-phase, 3-wire, 60 Hz
- Power Cord: 2.8m (9 ft) cord is provided with all models.
Note:No specifies are required on orders. These will be defaulted by country number.
Special Feature Codes -- Chargeable
Optional Feature Feature Code
VT220 Emulation #8222
VT220 with Hot Key/3708 #8232
WYSE 50/50+ Emulation #8502
10 ASCII Emulation #8922
1.8m (6 ft) power cord #9986
Limitations: VT220 Emulation (#8222/#8232) is provided for model 1XX/2XX only.
Field Installation: All special features are field installable. Customer Setup: All special features are designed for customer setup.
Blank keycaps - light (60 caps) and a keycap removal tool 1351710
Blank keycaps - dark (60 caps) and a keycap removal tool 1351728
Clear lens caps - with paper inserts (60 light and 60 dark) and a keycap removal tool 6341707
Keycap removal tool (6 tools) 1351717
Paper Inserts for clear lens keycaps (150 light and 150 dark) 6341704
Modem Cable - inch screws 6343332
I/O Cable 6343373
1.8m (6 ft) power cord 6952298
For connection to 5841 modem or PTT modem the above IBM cable or equivalent must be used.
Customer Replacement Parts
The following parts are not covered by the IBM maintenance agreement and must be purchased by the customer when a replacement is needed.
Field Packing Material:
Elements can be ordered to provide individual elements as needed by the customer for the use of the 3162.
For shipment, specify Machine Element Number (P/N) at the time of order entry.
- Marketing representative should complete AAS Order Guide.
- Account Administrator should order via AAS MSORDER Transaction.
- Distribution Center will ship to Customer.
The 3162 elements can be ordered as follows:
310,320 Video (green) 65X0103
410,420 Video (amber) 65X0120
310,410 Logic 65X0000
320,420 Logic 65X0001
110,120, Keyboard - English US
210,220 (long) 1390670
310,320, Keyboard - English US
410,420 (short) 1391518
110,120, Cartridge - VT220
210,220 Emulation 65X0016
110,120, Cartridge - VT220 with
210,220 Hot Key/3708 65X0319
All Cartridge - 10 ASCII
All Cartridge - WYSE 50/50+
Maintenance for individual workstation element is available at IBM Repair Centers or through an IBM Service/Exchange Center at the applicable IBM Hourly Service rates and minimum charges.
(R), (TM), * Trademark or registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
** Company, product, or service name may be a trademark or service mark of others.
File Last Updated on 3/03/97